Recombinant Human Leukocyte-associated Immunoglobulin-like Receptor 1/LAIR1/CD305 (C-mFc)

Cat.No.: C02A

Recombinant Human LAIR1 (C-mFc)
Description
Recombinant Human Leukocyte-Associated Immunoglobulin-Like Receptor 1 is produced by our Mammalian expression system and the target gene encoding Gln22-His163 is expressed with a mFc tag at the C-terminus.
Accession #:Q6GTX8
Known as:Leukocyte-Associated Immunoglobulin-Like Receptor 1; LAIR-1; hLAIR1; CD305; LAIR1
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution of 20mM PB, 150mM NaCl, pH 7.2.
Quality Control
Purity:Greater than 95% as determined by reducing SDS-PAGE.
Endotoxin:Less than 0.1 ng/?g (1 EU/?g) as determined by LAL test.
Reconstitution
Always centrifuge tubes before opening. Do not mix by vortex or pipetting.
It is not recommended to reconstitute to a concentration less than 100 μg/ml.
Dissolve the lyophilized protein in ddH2O.
Please aliquot the reconstituted solution to
Storage
Lyophilized protein should be stored at < -20°C, though stable at room temperature for 3 weeks.
Reconstituted protein solution can be stored at 4-7°C for 2-7 days.
Aliquots of reconstituted samples are stable at < -20°C for 3 months.
Background
Leukocyte-Associated Immunoglobulin-Like Receptor 1 (LAIR1) is a single-pass type I membrane protein. LAIR1 expressed on the majority of peripheral mononuclear cells, including natural killer (NK) cells, T-cells, B-cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells, highly in naive T-cells and B-cells. As an inhibitory receptor, LAIR1 plays a constitutive negative regulatory role on cytolytic function of natural killer (NK) cells, B-cells and T-cells. Activation by Tyr phosphorylation results in recruitment and activation of the phosphatases PTPN6 and PTPN11. It also reduces the increase of intracellular calcium evoked by B-cell receptor ligation. LAIR1 plays inhibitory role independently of SH2-containing phosphatases and modulates cytokine production in CD4+ T-cells. It down-regulates IL2 and IFNG production while inducing secretion of transforming growth factor beta, also down-regulates IgG and IgE production in B-cells as well as IL8, IL10 and TNF secretion. LAIR1 inhibits the differentiation of peripheral blood precursors towards dendritic cells. It also restrains proliferation and induces apoptosis in myeloid leukemia cell lines as well as prevents nuclear translocation of NF-kappa-B p65 subunit/RELA and phosphorylation of I-kappa-B alpha/CHUK in these cells.

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