Recombinant Human GDF15 is produced by our E.coli expression system and the target gene encoding Ala197-Ile308 is expressed.
GDF15; GDF-15; growth differentiation factor 15; growth/differentiation factor 15; Macrophage inhibitory cytokine 1; MIC-1; NAG-1; PDF; PDFGDF-15; PLAB; PLABNRG-1
AP Mol Mass:
14kDa, reducing conditions
Greater than 90% as determined by reducing SDS-PAGE.
Supplied as a 0.2 μM filtered solution of 10mM NaAc, pH 4.0.
The product is shipped on dry ice pack.Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature listed below.
Reconstituted protein solution should be stored at ≤ -20°C.
Affinity purification chromatography.
Immunogen, calibrator or standard.
Growth Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF-15), also called Macrophage Inhibitory Cytokine 1 (MIC-1), Placental Transforming Growth Factor beta, Prostate-derived Factor, and Placental Bone Morphogenetic Protein, is a divergent member of the TGF-beta superfamily. Similar to other TGF-beta family proteins, the GDF-15 proprotein is cleaved at a dibasic cleavage site (RxxR) to release the mature protein. The C-terminal domain of GDF-15 contains seven characteristic conserved cysteine residues necessary for the formation of the cysteine knot and the single interchain disulfide bond. Biologically active GDF-15 is a disulfide-linked homodimer of the mature protein and signals through the heterodimeric receptor composed of TGF-beta RI/ALK-5 and TGF-beta RII. GDF-15 has been shown to have various functions, including inhibition of TNF-alpha production from lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages and the induction of cartilage formation. GDF-15 also promotes neuronal survival, and hypothalamic expression of GDF-15 causes appetite suppression via modulation of Neuropeptide Y and Pro-opiomelanocortin levels. GDF-15 is cardioprotective via inhibition of platelet activation, limiting atherosclerosis, inhibiting CXCL1-induced neutrophil adhesion, regulating angiogenesis, and inhibiting norepinephrine-induced mycardial hypertrophy.
FOR RESEARCH OR FURTHER MANUFACTURING USE ONLY